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Everyone lives in a Watershed. Do you know your Watershed?
The Village of Silver Lake is affected by the US EPA’s Phase II Storm Water Regulations. There are over 100 communities in Northeast Ohio that are affected by these regulations.
Over the next five years, the Village will be implementing a stormwater management program designed to reduce the discharge of pollutants to the maximum extent practicable, to protect water quality, and to satisfy the appropriate water quality requirements of Ohio Revised Code 611 as described in the Ohio EPA permits.
What is storm water?
Stormwater is water from precipitation that flows across the ground and pavement due to rain or snowmelt (also called stormwater runoff). The water may seep into the ground, flow in ditches or streams, or enter the storm drain system. The storm drains are what you see at street corners or at low points on the sides of your streets. The storm drains then lead to a discharge point such as an open channel or directly into Silver Lake, the Cuyahoga River, and creeks within the Village.
The natural creeks have a small amount of baseflow that is caused by groundwater recharge and high water tables; the baseflow is relatively clean. When it rains, the baseflow is supplemented by stormwater runoff from parking lost and Village streets. The baseflow is relatively clean groundwater that flows at a low velocity. Stormwater runoff tends to pickup garbage, debris, sediment, chemicals, automotive fluids and other pollutants; stormwater runoff is relatively dirty and will harm the fish and other wildlife living in natural creeks, lakes, and rivers.
Storm drains contain runoff that cannot be treated prior to it’s entering our natural creeks and streams. Sanitary sewers, however, convey wastewater from houses and business to Akron’s wastewater treatment plant. Storm drains are a completely different system than the sanitary sewers. Storm drains, therefore, usually travel anywhere from a few hundred feet up to several miles in underground pipes before being discharged.
Why is storm water important?
Stormwater runoff is a major problem when it picks up garbage, debris, sediment, chemicals, automotive fluids, fertilizers, leaves, and other pollutants from parking lots, yards, village streets, house roofs, etc. This type of pollution is called nonpoint source (NPS) pollution and is more of a problem than direct discharges from commercial industries and plants, which have NPDES (National Pollution Discharge Elimination System) permits as mandated by the US Environmental Protection Agency. The Village of Silver Lake is required by the state and federal government to have a municipal NPDES permit for all waters that discharge from the Village storm drain system to the natural creeks. The municipal NPDES permit requires that the Village provide information and education programs, monitoring, stormwater inspections, stormwater policies, etc. The result of unclean stormwater runoff discharges is the loss of fish and aquatic wildlife from the out creeks.
For further information on Storm Water Management, click on the links below: